The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You do not have an exact date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method that is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The midst of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved and only private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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