People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U2 Wien.
The Middle of the Century
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The tasks with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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