People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have an exact date for the first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for just two years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at a town of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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