The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a very complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent several years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn Linien.
The midst of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The tasks from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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