The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The very first date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred a while later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to tunnel boring machine.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as with other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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