Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The very first date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for just two years.

1898
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna subway map.

The midst of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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