People transport in Vienna isn’t alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Vienna subway map.
The Middle of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there is also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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